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World Day Against Child Labour 2018

Millions of children around the world are forced into labour. Often, they face hazardous work conditions, are enslaved, or are subjected to human trafficking. Each child in this position loses his or her childhood. They also lose the chance for education and better job opportunities in the future. On World Day Against Child Labour 2018, we want to raise awareness about this global issue. Furthermore, it is necessary that the world’s leaders make a commitment to eliminate all forms of child labour, particularly the worst of them.

Why is World Day Against Child Labour 2018 Important?

According to the United Nations, 218 million children work, many of them full-time. Not all work is considered negative for children. However, if labour interferes with schooling, is hazardous, abusive, or puts the child at risk, it must be eliminated. The International Labour Organization has been actively working to abolish child labour around the world. However, more effort is needed. For example, 1 in 5 children in Africa are forced to work. Of particular concern is slavery and human trafficking, as children are often vulnerable and exposed to these dire circumstances. The World Day Against Child Labour is a chance to reflect on these issues. It’s an opportunity to raise awareness on how serious the situation of child labour is around the world. The day is a platform for dialoguing, promoting positive actions, and implementing meaningful solutions for eliminating child labour.

What Causes Child Labour?

No parent wants to send their child to work or wishes them harm. However, there are many underlying causes that create the perfect storm for child labour, poverty being the top leading one. Often, parents are desperate and cannot cover basic needs, such as food and shelter, on their own. This forces them to send their children to work, particularly the older ones. They feel that there is no other option, and informal economies are happy to accept the cheap labour. Addressing poverty is the first step to eliminating child labour. In certain cultures, there is also a question of tradition. Families don’t see education as a priority and, instead, send their children to work. This is particularly true in more rural areas with agricultural work. Educating parents is key to helping them realize the importance of schooling.

Additionally, a lack of protection can also lead to child labour. This applies to orphans, children in the foster care system, or those who do not have a strong family to watch out for them. They may even end up working as slave labourers or being trafficked. Stronger protection networks and laws are essential to eliminate this worst type of child labour.

Generation Safe & Healthy

This year’s World Day Against Child Labour is celebrated in conjunction with World Day for Safety and Health at Work. This day was established to promote a safer and healthier environment for children and young workers. According to the ILO, almost half of the children in the labour force are exposed to hazardous work conditions. This is most prevalent among 15-17 year olds, but nearly 19 million children under 12 are exposed to hazardous child labour. This is due in part to the fact that child labour is not controlled. Most countries officially prohibit working before a certain age, which means that there are no labour laws directly protecting child workers. Children are therefore underpaid, do not receive insurance, and cannot form unions. This is seen in the agriculture and industrial sectors, including mining.

On World Day Against Child Labour 2018, the ILO and the UN will make a special focus on promoting safer and healthier environments for child workers. This includes better protection policies, allowing children to take part in trade unions and the overall prevention of their participation in the labour force.

42 Organizations That Help Children in Need

Fortunately, the rights and well-being of children are a significant issue and a major goal for many international organizations. We are putting a great emphasis on the fact that this list is incomplete. Please note that we recognize the importance of the work done by any other NGO that is not mentioned herein. Here is the list of 42 organizations that help children in Need.

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