What is done in Somalia
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What is Done in Somalia? – Humanitarian Highlights

Decades of violent conflict left Somalia vulnerable and facing one humanitarian crisis after another. Most recently, drought is threatening famine in the country. Other natural disasters occur regularly, and violence persists in some regions. Humanitarian organizations are working tirelessly to alleviate the suffering in Somalia, but there is a strong need for more funding and actions on the ground.

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The Current Situation in Somalia

Over 4.2 million people in Somalia require humanitarian assistance. More than half are children. The country is one of the most complex and long-standing crises in the world. Over the last few decades, the country has faced several conflicts. These have included violent disputes with its neighbors – Ethiopia and Kenya. Also, Somalia saw civil war and a variety of internal clashes between the country’s different clans.

The violence has displaced millions and weakened the country’s economy and public system. Political instability is rampant. Terrorism is also persistent in the country, killing hundreds of people, and displacing thousands. Natural disasters exacerbate the situation. Drought has been persistent since the 70s, leading to mass famine.

The situation may worsen as specialists predict yet another food crisis in Somalia. In spring 2019, the country saw a lack of rain, which is signaling the beginning of a drought. Without precipitation, Somalia will face a food crisis, with over 2 million people potentially facing starvation if they don’t receive humanitarian aid.

The people of Somalia need support in various areas. Over three million people require proper access to healthcare, water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance. Also, more than 2.6 million need urgent protection from violence and conflict. There are also thousands of refugees from Ethiopia residing in Somalia.

Humanitarian Response in Somalia

There are hundreds of organizations working in the country. Most have been around for the past few decades, despite the complex crisis in the country. Several actors work on protection and peacebuilding in Somalia.

With millions of people living in poverty, NGOs are also addressing basic economic needs, including livelihoods, food, and shelter. The cycles of drought require humanitarian assistance in food and water distribution.

Also, the public system is weak. As such, NGOs support access to essential services. These include education, healthcare, training, human development, violence prevention, justice, human rights, and more.

The continuously deteriorating situation in Somalia complicates the work of NGOs. There are many areas of the country that are difficult to access due to either violence or infrastructure. Leaving out many of the most vulnerable from receiving much-needed aid. Despite this, organizations are working their best to help those most in need.

NGOs that Work in Somalia

Concern Worldwide

Concern works in the country to alleviate extreme poverty and provide emergency response. Their areas of focus include livelihoods, health and nutrition, education, gender equality, and innovation.


Internews is a global organization that promotes free access and sharing of information. They help humanitarians to ensure a continuous flow of information. They also encourage gender equality by supporting women in the media. Internews fights corruption and misinformation by promoting transparency and evidence-based information sharing.

Somaliland Youth Development and Voluntary Organization (SOYDAVO)

SOYDAVO works with youth and other vulnerable groups to promote their rights. The organization focuses on areas such as education, health, skills training, income generation, sports, and self-empowerment.

Somalia NGO Consortium

In such a complex context, NGOs must coordinate to leverage their skills and deliver the best results. The Somalia NGO Consortium is the platform for NGO coordination in the country. Their goal is effective and efficient delivery of humanitarian and development services in Somalia.

Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)

ACTED delivers an emergency response in Somalia. They have been working in the country for over ten years. Currently, they have an on-going intervention in Northern and Southern Somalia. These provide services in water, sanitation and hygiene, food security, livelihoods, and shelter, among others.

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