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Update: The Sustainable Development Goals – Poverty

In 2015, the international community in collaboration with United Nations replaced the Millennium Development Goals for 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that should be achieved by 2030. The goals are about improving people’s lives around the world, specifically in developing countries. The 17 goals include:

  1. End poverty in all its forms, everywhere
  2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture
  3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all people of all ages
  4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
  7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all
  8. Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all
  9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation
  10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable
  12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  14. Conserve and promote sustainable use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development
  15. Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss
  16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels
  17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

Today we will start with a series giving you an update on each of the Sustainable Development Goals. We will do this by citing the most important updates reported in the media on every particular subject.

Of course, we will attempt to provide a selection of articles about each subject. Should we miss something, or if you know of a project that really matters and is worth publishing, we would love to hear from you.

The Goal: End Poverty in All its Forms Everywhere

While extreme poverty rates have been reduced substantially since the 1990’s, one in five people in developing regions still live on less than US$1.90 a day, and there are millions more who make just a little more.

But poverty is not only about a lack of enough income and resources to ensure that people are able to make a living. The UN also reminds us it is about hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion, as well as the lack of participation in decision-making processes.

Update on Poverty Measurement

This goal focuses on ending poverty through interrelated strategies including the promotion of social protection systems, decent employment, and building the resilience of the poor.

An estimated 767 million people lived below the extreme poverty line in 2013, down from 1.7 billion people in 1999. That is a reduction in the global rate of extreme poverty from 28% to 11% in 2013.

The World Bank has introduced new poverty lines for measurement. The new measurement for what the World Bank calls “extreme poverty” is a daily income of under US$1.90. New standards for “lower-middle income” countries are set at US$3.20 and for “upper-middle income countries” US$5.50.

But to measure “true global poverty,” it must include all countries. Therefore, the World Bank has made efforts to systematically measure extreme poverty by re-organizing its calculation methods to include not only developing countries but measuring traditionally rich countries as well. A new standard for high-income countries has been set at US$21.70. The World Bank finished updating its PovNet tool to start monitoring global poverty.

The World Bank will give the next major update on global poverty in October 2018. We will be monitoring this and will publish an account of this update as soon as it is available.

According to the website Our World in Data, extreme poverty should be seen in a historical context.

Three Alarming Reports

Looking into the above graph would make you say that extreme poverty is in decline, and that, of course, is a good thing. Although measuring is important, it is also good to understand that poverty is about facts and figures. It’s mainly about people living in poor conditions. In 2017, three alarming reports were published on poverty that focus more on the fact that in some countries extreme poverty is increasing.

  1. The World Food Program report on Liberia claims 1.3 million live in extreme poverty.
  2. The Unctad reports that 71% of Malawians live in extreme poverty.
  3. There is an unbreakable link between poverty and natural disasters according to the Climate Centre from the RCRC.

It’s About People that Need Help

In spite of all the reports, we all understand that it’s about people that need help as reported in our previous article about 45 NGOs that battle poverty. They dedicate all their energy and efforts to making the world a better place. Field workers and NGO headquarters work in collaboration, and all fight against poverty on a daily basis.

We believe our world is a better place when compassion can travel where it is needed most. As a global humanitarian travel organization, we devote ourselves to serving those who serve the world. Our experienced staff can be reached at any given time. Please use our quick address locator to contact your nearest Raptim office should you have any questions. You can also follow our blog for more stories and travel information.