234 – World Refugee Day 2017
News & community - Community

Two independent reports about key crises in 2018

Two independent reports appeared predicting what humanitarian aid work will look like in 2018. There are 5 major trends in many countries that are mentioned in both reports. Several countries are mentioned that are likely to face one or more of the challenges mentioned below. The report is focused on countries where humanitarian aid will be needed or where the situation will remain severe. Those countries are Iraq, Syria, Sudan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Palestine.

The year 2018 will be a year with new challenges and opportunities for humanitarian organizations and NGOs. The most challenges to be dealt with are:

  • Displacement (refugees)
  • Food security
  • Poverty
  • Health issues
  • Humanitarian access to areas

These will be the most pressing challenges according to ACAPS in their report: Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018.

ACAPS mentions the main drivers for each crisis. Food security, or lack of that, will likely become worse in the countries Somalia, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Yemen, and Nigeria according to the report. There will be a massive increase in IDPs (internally displaced persons) in the countries of CAR (Central African Republic), DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo), Iraq, Somalia, and Mali. Health is another risk, and there is an ongoing cholera crisis Yemen, Congo, DRC, and Nigeria. The report predicts that the number of people that will need protection assistance will increase in 2018, particularly in DRC, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Sudan, South Sudan, and the Rohingya population in Myanmar.

The Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) predicts that conflicts will be the main drivers of humanitarian needs. Violence will force people to flee their homes and will result in a lack of access to food and health facilities for millions of people. According to the GHO, natural calamities such as floods, droughts, hurricanes, and earthquakes will also create humanitarian needs. Scientists predict an increase in earthquakes in 2018. In Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Mali, and Ukraine the need for humanitarian assistance and aid will drop. But according to the GHO, the increase in the number of people in need will be significant in countries like Burundi, Cameroon, CAR, DRC, Libya, Somalia, and Sudan. The need will be extremely high in countries such as Nigeria, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen which has the worst humanitarian crisis at the moment according to the GHO. The GHO predicts that in 2018, 136 million people across the globe will need humanitarian assistance and protection. The number of people in need will increase by 5% in 2018.

There is also good news. Another prediction is that humanitarian organizations will be more effective, efficient, and cost-effective. The GHO expects that NGOs and other humanitarian organizations will respond faster to crises and conflicts. Help will be more attuned to the people they are trying to help, and NGOs will look closely at where need for aid is most pressing. Humanitarian organizations will undertake more comprehensive, cross-sectoral, and impartial needs assessments.

The GHO and ACAPS basically predict the same challenges humanitarian organizations will face in 2018. Also, their predictions of the countries that will need the most help are similar. Food, health, displacement, and protection will, like it was in 2017, be the main issues. Also, countries like Yemen and South Sudan will remain in urgent need in 2017.


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