Sub-Saharan Africa is the area of the African continent that lies south of the vast Sahara Desert. This region developed between 2000 and 2015: during the time of the Millennium Development Goals execution, but it’s still an area of our planet which faces many humanitarian problems ranging from high poverty rate, lack of education to global health issues.About Sub-Saharan AfricaThe extremely harsh climate of the sparsely populated Sahara causes big differences between African countries. According to the UN, the sub-Saharan region of Africa consists of all African countries that are fully or partially located south of the Sahara. This contrasts with North Africa, whose territories are part of the League of Arab states within the Arab world: Somalia, Djibouti, Comoros and Mauritania which are geographically in sub-Saharan Africa but are likewise Arab states and part of the Arab world. While sub-Saharan Africa is developing economically and making strides on social and political fronts, many inhabitants are still involved in crisis including poor living conditions. 41% of the inhabitants of sub-Saharan Africa live in extreme poverty, while 250 million Africans could face water shortage by 2020.