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The 11 Most Visited Countries in Africa by Humanitarians

Africa is the oldest inhabited territory on Earth. At the moment, it also is the second-most-populous continent on our planet with 1.1 billion inhabitants. Africa has about 30 million square kilometers, including Africa’s islands and covers about six percent of the Earth’s total surface.

Most Visited Countries in Africa by Humanitarians

Almost all countries in Africa were colonized by foreign powers except Ethiopia and Liberia. Humans and Mother Nature have shaped the continent’s history. From the early men and women who left their footsteps in volcanic ash to the liberation of Nelson Mandela. Africa is a beautiful, diverse continent. Some parts are exceptionally prosperous. But it is also a continent with countries that are in need. This is due to war, natural disasters, lack of literacy, corruption, and epidemics,

Africa hosts a broad diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. The 50 countries differ regarding climate, economic prosperity, human rights and living conditions. For some countries, humanitarian aid is a necessity. Others have prospered throughout the years and are now self-reliant.

Different African countries need a different kind of help from others in all sorts of diverse humanitarian fields of work. This can be attributed to the varying conditions of the locals. Listed below are the 11 most visited countries in Africa by humanitarians. Humanitarian aid workers from NGOs, faith-based and volunteer organizations strain themselves to help those who need it most. As an expert humanitarian travel partner, we try everything in our power to serve these compassionate people because compassion matters.

  • Burkina Faso
    Burkina Faso is the first one of most visited countries in Africa by Humanitarians. This country, formerly known as Upper Volta was colonized by France in 1960. It attained independence in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. The high population growth in Burkina Faso, limited natural resources, and vulnerability to natural disasters result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens.
    Population: 18+ Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Natural disasters
  • Sudan
    Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from Anglo-Egyptian co-rule in 1956. South Sudan became independent on 9th July 2011. Sudan and South Sudan have yet to fully implement security and economic agreements. This was signed in September 2012 and related to the normalization of relations between the two countries. Since independence, conflict has broken out. The war is between the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. It has resulted in 1.2 million internally displaced persons or severely affected persons in dire need of humanitarian assistance.
    Population: 36 Million
    Primary humanitarian field of work: Anti-war
  • Kenya
    A presidential representative democratic republic. The President is both the head of state and head of government. It is a state of a multi-party system of governance. The government exercises executive power. There was a growing concern, especially during former president Daniel Arap Moi's tenure, the executive was increasingly meddling with the affairs of the judiciary. Under the presidency of Mwai Kibaki, the new ruling coalition promised to focus its efforts on generating economic growth, combating corruption, improving education, and rewriting its constitution. A few of these promises were met. For example, there is free primary education. In 2007, the government issued a statement declaring that from 2008, secondary education would be heavily subsidized, with the government footing all tuition fees.
    Population: 45 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Natural disasters, health
  • Rwanda
    In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were slaughtered to death. Some 150,000 were driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these helpless exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in the April 1994 state-orchestrated genocide. During this tragic and life-grabbing event, Rwandans mercilessly executed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the entire Tutsi population. The country is still recovering.
    Population: 12 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Anti-war
  • Uganda
    The colonial boundaries created by Britain grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences complicated the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi Amin (1971-79) was responsible for the cold execution of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton Obote (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri Museveni since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda.
    Population: 37 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Natural disasters and also anti-war
  • South Africa
    Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652. Here, they established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers trekked north to found their republics in lands taken from the indigenous black inhabitants. In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson Mandela, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 following the end of apartheid ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa has since struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care.
    Population: 53 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Poverty, education, health
  • Magadascar
    One of the last major landmasses on Earth to be colonized by humans. The island attracted Arab and Persian traders since the 7th century and migrants from Africa arrived around A.D. 1000. Madagascar was a pirate stronghold during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and served as a slave trading center into the 19th century. From the 16th to the late 19th century, a native Merina Kingdom dominated much of Madagascar. The island was conquered by the French in 1896 that made it a colony; independence was regained in 1960.
    Population: 23 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Natural disasters
  • Ghana
    Formed when the British colony of the Gold Coast merged with the Togoland trust territory. In 1957, Ghana also became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence.
    Population: 26 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Health and education
  • Ethiopia
    Unique in its way among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces. In August 2012, longtime leader, Prime Minister Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister Desalegn. This marked the first peaceful transition of power in decades.
    Population: 99 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Health, natural disasters
  • Congo
    Established as an official Belgian colony in 1908, the then-Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960. However, its early years were marred by political and social instability. In 2009, following a resurgence of conflict in the eastern region, the government signed a peace agreement with a primarily Tutsi rebel group. The renewed conflict led to large population displacements and significant human rights abuses. In the most recent national elections, held in November 2011, disputed results allowed Joseph Kabila to be reelected to the presidency; the next presidential election is scheduled for late 2016.
    Population: 79 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Anti-war, health
  • Tanzania
    Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections being held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and the popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995. In both, the ruling party won despite international observers' claiming that there were voting irregularities. The formation of the government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.
    Population: 51 Million
    Main humanitarian field of work: Education, Health

We believe our world is a better place when compassion can travel where it is needed most. As a global humanitarian travel organization, we devote ourselves to serving those who serve the world. As part of our commitment to a healthy environment, we work to ensure CO2 compensation for humanitarian travel. Our experienced staff can be reached at any given time. Please use our quick address locator to contact your nearest Raptim office should you have any questions. You can also follow our blog for more stories and travel information.

 

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