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Humanitarian Stories from Sudan

Khartoum is the capital and second largest city of Sudan. Divided by the Nile, Khartoum is a metropolis with an estimated overall population of more than five million people. Through the years it faced many humanitarian crises, including the 2015-2016 Khartoum water crisis.

A brief history of Khartoum

Khartoum was established 15 kilometers north of the ancient city of Soba, the former capital of the medieval Nubian kingdom. Originally, Khartoum served as an outpost for the Egyptian Army. It quickly grew into a regional center of trade, playing a significant role in the African slave trade. Later, it became the administrative center of Sudan and the country’s official capital.

A siege of Khartoum was started by the Mahdi on 13 March 1884 and ended in a massacre of the Anglo-Egyptian rulers. The heavily damaged city fell to the Mahdists on 26 January 1885. As a result, all of its inhabitants were put to death. British forces under Herbert Kitchener defeated the Mahdist forces more than 14 years later on 2 September 1898. The defenders led by British General Charles George Gordon reclaimed the reign over Khartoum.
Even when the British ended their occupation of Egypt in 1936, they maintained their forces in Khartoum. It was the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 which finally set a series of events in motion which would eventually end the British occupation of Khartoum and Sudan.

Citizens went demonstrating on June 2015 to protest the scarcity of water. The water crisis was urgent as the temperature had gone up to 40 degrees Celsius. These shortages were caused by more than broken water pumps as more big cities such as Omdurman were coping with similar problems. Large crowds of more than one hundred people blocked the roads and protested heavily. The police were subsequently asked to break up the protests. A month before the shortages the water price increased rapidly, up to 60-75 SDG.

This is not an unusual situation in Khartoum since the same happened in July 2016 and most recently in September 2016. People in El Goz in Khartoum were fed-up with the water cuts which they suffer from so often. They had gone for three consecutive days without water. And just as in 2015, the water price quickly went up to as much as 120 SDG.

We have been taking compassionate humanitarians to Sudan for many years. Therefore, our knowledge of this vulnerable country is second to none. Do not hesitate to contact us should you require up-to-date travel information about any uncommon destination. We are glad to provide the necessary assistance from any of our 17 offices around the world. Contact a local Raptim office through our quick address locator to gain more insight on the current conditions of Sudan.