With approximately 184 million inhabitants, Nigeria has the highest population in Africa and is the seventh most populous country in the world. Since 2002, it has faced attacks from a violent movement which continues to this day, causing many vulnerable people to flee their hometown and inhibiting the development of the region.A brief history of NigeriaThe Nigerian land hosted numerous kingdoms and tribal states over the past millennia. Modern day Nigeria originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, until 1960 when it became an independent federation, and quickly after plunged into a civil war from 1967 to 1970. Since then, the country alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships, until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential elections considered the first to be reasonably free and fair. The massive country comprises of no less than 36 states, among the largest cities are well known metropolitan areas such as Lagos, Kano and Benin City.