Lebanon has often been at the center of Middle Eastern conflicts, despite its small size. The main reason for this being that it borders with Syria and Israel. For the past couple of years, this country has been involved in the Syrian refugee crisis.A brief history of LebanonLebanon has always been an important commercial hub for the Middle East. It’s ideally located because it borders with Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. The region eventually was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918. After World War I, the empire collapsed and the five provinces that constitute modern Lebanon came under the French Mandate of Lebanon. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing a unique political system – confessionalism – a Consociationalism type of power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities.Despite its small size, the country has developed a well-known culture and has been highly influential in the Arab world. Lebanon hosts approximately 1 million Syrian refugees which amount to around one in five people in the country.