Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, Indonesia consists of more than thirteen thousand islands. Its population is estimated at more than 260 million people making it the fourth most populous country in the world. Through the years it has faced many humanitarian crises, including the 2004 tsunami.A brief history of IndonesiaIndonesia has been an important region for trade since the 7th century. Trade ships would sail in and out transporting all sorts of cargo. Throughout history, Indonesia has been influenced by foreign powers because of its natural resources. Dutch colonialism started in the 1800s in Amboina and Batavia, and eventually all of the archipelagoes including Timor and West Papua. After World War II Indonesia fought for and secured its independence. The state of Indonesia has been turbulent throughout its history. Mass slaughter, corruption, and separatism were all causes of different humanitarian crises. The country is also incredibly vulnerable to natural disasters, like the one that occurred in 2004.