To achieve sustainable development, it is essential to eradicate poverty, unsustainable patterns and promote sustainable ones. Through promoting greater opportunities for all, limiting inequalities and raising the basic living; all these while new and emerging challenges arise. These overarching objectives are required to make changes that last and have maximum impact.Vulnerable LocationsIncreasing poverty, climate change, rapid urbanization, food insecurity and environmental degradation are some of the current and emerging global challenges. A better, more inclusive understanding of sustainable development and the associated changes in economic, social and environmental conditions is needed. (World Economic & Social Survey, 2013).Each country faces specific challenges on the path to achieving sustainable development. It is important to recognize the unique tests that most vulnerable locations such as in Africa and other underdeveloped countries are facing. Particular attention is also needed for countries in situations of conflict and civil wars.