Haiti is a Caribbean country that occupies the western third of the Caribbean island named Hispaniola. The other part of the island is occupied by the Spanish-speaking people of the Dominican Republic. In Haiti, they speak French. The name “Haiti” means “mountainous country,” When Haiti became independent in 1804, the name was adopted by the military generals, many of them former slaves, who expelled the French and took possession of the colony. In the year 2000, 95% of the population was of African descent, and the remaining 5% were mulatto and White. Some wealthy citizens think of themselves as French, but most residents identify themselves as Haitian, and there is a strong sense of nationalism.