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Global Humanitarian Overview 2019

Today, humanitarians can save lives and reduce suffering more effectively than ever before. Brave women and men share their compassion to make the world a better place. Despite these efforts, however, people around the world continue to need humanitarian aid and protection. Last year we looked at the top global priorities in global development in Africa. Today we will look at 2019.

You also might be interested in this article Global Humanitarian Outlook for 2019.

Increased humanitarian need

The United Nations predicts that in 2019, 132 million people will need humanitarian assistance. Based on today’s committed funding and global humanitarian capacity, organizations will be able to assist 93.6 million.

Compared to past years, humanitarian needs will continue to rise. This is mainly due to a number of armed conflicts and climate-change related disasters. Aid will be able to provide the most vulnerable with necessary assistance, including, food, shelter, health care, emergency education, and protection.

The total funding requirements for 2019 are estimated at US$25 billion.

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Hot spots around the world

The Humanitarian Outlook 2019 predicts that 42 countries will require humanitarian assistance. Most of the needs will come forth due to armed conflict.

Six countries will continue to see some of the most exacerbated humanitarian needs in the world. In Yemen alone, 24 million people will need humanitarian assistance and protection, according to the UN. Also, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, and Syria will continue to require significant assistance.

At the same time, it is likely that humanitarian needs will worsen in Afghanistan, Cameroon, and the Central African Republic. It is also important to watch for the crisis in Venezuela and Bangladesh.

On the bright side, research predicts improvements in Burundi, Haiti, Iraq, Mauritania, and Senegal.

What is causing humanitarian need?

There are several domains where people need help.

1. Refugees and internal displacement

Over the past few years, the world has been living through one of the worst refugee crises in history. Today, there are 68.5 million forcibly displaced people, including 25.4 million refugees and 40 million people who are internally displaced. Nearly 60% of all refugees are from Afghanistan, South Sudan and Syria.

Organizations are actively working to provide refugees with essential services, such as healthcare, education, shelter, and food. Many are also promoting their legal rights and supporting refugees in attaining employment and self-sufficiency.

organizations that help refugees

2. Climate change related disasters

On average, natural disasters affect 350 million people annually. As climate change becomes worse, so do disasters. In addition to becoming stronger, they are also evolving to be more unpredictable and unprecedented.

Humanitarians are often the first responders to help save the lives of those affected by disasters. Also, humanitarian organizations are working hard on disaster prevention and preparedness. Plus, the sector is campaigning to reduce and reverse the effects of climate change through more sustainable living.

3. Hunger and malnutrition

Food insecurity has continued to represent a major concern around the world. Between 2015 and 2017, the number of people who are food insecure increased from 80 million to 124 million people. The two major factors generating food insecurity are conflict and climate change.

To address this issue, humanitarians are providing food aid. More importantly, however, organizations are also working with communities towards sustainable strategies for food security in the most affected areas.

25 organizations dedicated to fight hunger

4. Health-related emergencies

Rapid onset health emergencies can be extremely dangerous and hard to control. For example, the Ebola outbreaks in 2018 and 2017 were devastating to communities. Not only do these claim lives, but they also instill a lot of fear and prejudice in the affected areas.

Some other diseases to watch out for include Zika, Dengue, Yellow Fever, Malaria, Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDs, drug-resistant viruses, and more. Health organizations in the humanitarian field are providing much needed medical aid in health emergencies. They also provide education and training to prevent disease outbreaks.

5. Women and girls

Women and girls find themselves among some of the most vulnerable groups in the world. In a crisis, gender inequalities are exacerbated. For example, girls in conflict settings are 2.5 times more likely to be out of school than boys. Also, sexual violence is often utilized as a strategy of war.

As a global community, we have come a long way in advancing and protecting the rights of women and girls. However, much more has to be done. Many organizations include gender awareness and strategies as one of their cross-cutting themes for all projects. Others work specifically to make the world a safer and more equal place from women and girls.

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