In the ‘Different Continents, Different Humanitarian Problems’ series of articles, we take a look at the issues that do not just affect an individual country, but an entire region. Today, we highlight the slumbering war that is going on in the Nagorno-Karabakh region in Central Asia.Humanitarian Problems in the Nagorno-Karabakh region Conflict comes in many different forms. Often we hear about escalating stories from the Middle East or Africa. In the Nagorno-Karabakh region in the South Caucasus, there is a very different kind of conflict. Civilians are stuck in an uneventful clash in an area that is neither in full war nor genuine peace. More than 20 years ago a ceasefire formally ended fighting between ethnic Azeris and Armenians in the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.But the former Soviet republics of Azerbaijan and Armenia have regularly traded allegations of violence around their shared border. A strange situation has arisen where villagers in the Caucasian enclave are recognized as part of Azerbaijan but controlled by ethnic Armenians. They cannot get back to their old peace-time existence. At the same time, it is impossible to stay on a perpetual war footing. So what happens is that they are stuck in a no-man’s land, as conflict sputters on around them. But it wasn’t always like this.